Johanna Leinonen


Academy Research Fellow

Tel. +358 (0)400 296 909


Academic Degrees:

  • Title of Docent (Multiculturalism), University of Turku, 2016
  • Doctor of Philosophy (History), University of Minnesota, USA, 2011
  • Master of Arts (General History), University of Turku, 2002


  • History of forced migration, migration history, family reunification, family separation, marriage migration, international marriages, transnationalism, multiculturalism, Finns abroad, racialization and critical whiteness studies, gender and migration, multi-methodological research


In my Academy Research Fellow project (Academy of Finland, 2018-2023), I examine memories of evacuee and refugee journeys in narratives of forcibly displaced persons who fled from the Soviet-occupied areas in Karelia during World War II and of international refugees who fled to Finland later in the 20th/21st century. The data comprises archival materials and narrative interviews. In addition, I lead the project “Postmemory of Family Separation: An Intergenerational Perspective” (Academy of Finland, 2019-2023), which explores intergenerational memories and effects of family separation by focusing on 2nd and 3rd generation persons whose families’ pasts include forced migration, persecution, and deportations. The groups studied are Ingrians and Finnish Americans, whose parents and/or grandparents experienced forced migration after the Russian Revolution, in the Stalin era, and World War II in the Soviet Union. My duties also include interdisciplinary research and publication collaboration, teaching, and expert assignments.

Central Publications:

  • Leinonen, J. "Hierarchies of Desirability: Racialized Cartographies in Media Discourses on Relationships between Finns and Foreigners (1982-1992)." Critical Race and Whiteness Studies, Vol. 12, Issue 2 (2016), painossa.
  • Pellander, S. & J. Leinonen. "'Aidon' avioliiton ehdot: suomalaisten ulkomaalaiset puolisot oleskelulupaa hakemassa." Teoksessa Perheenyhdistäminen: kuka saa perheen Suomeen, kuka ei ja miksi?,  toim. O. Fingerroos, A-M. Tapaninen & M. Tiilikainen, 111-136. Tampere: Vastapaino, 2016.
  • Heikkilä, E., A. Kostiainen, J. Leinonen & I. Söderling (toim.). Participation, Integration, and Recognition: Changing Pathways to Immigrant Incorporation. Turku: Institute of Migration, 2015.
  • Leinonen, J. & M. Toivanen (toim.). "Researching In/visibility in the Nordic Context: Theoretical and Empirical Views." Special Issue, Nordic Journal of Migration Research, Vol. 4, Issue 4 (2014).
  • Leinonen, J. & D.R. Gabaccia. "Migrant Gender Imbalance and Marriage in the U.S., Canada, U.K., Sweden, and Norway, 1860-1910." L'HOMME - European Journal of Feminist History, Vol. 1 (2014), 31-50.
  • Leinonen, J. & S. Pellander. "Court Decisions over Marriage Migration in Finland: A Problem with Transnational Family Ties." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 40, Issue 9 (2014), 1488-1506.
  • Leinonen, Johanna. "One Culture, Two Cultures? Families of Finns in the United States in the Twentieth Century." Teoksessa Finns in the United States: A History of Settlement, Dissent, and Integration, toim. A. Kostiainen, 285-296. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2014.
  • Leinonen, Johanna. "Who Is a 'Real' Finn? Negotiating Finnish and Finnish-American Identity in Contemporary United States." Teoksessa Finns in the United States: A History of Settlement, Dissent, and Integration, toim. A. Kostiainen, 309-316. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2014.
  • Leinonen, J. "'Siellä välillä leijailen tuolla' - Transnationaalin muotoja suomalais-amerikkalaisissa avioliitoissa." Teoksessa Mitä on kulttuuriperintö?, toim.  O. Tuomi-Nikula, R. Haanpää & A. Kivilaakso, 81-105. Helsinki: SKS, 2013.
  • Leinonen, J. "Nordic Region, from Emigration to Immigration." Teoksessa Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration, toim. I. Ness & P. Bellwood. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.
  • Leinonen, J. "Invisible Immigrants, Visible Expats? Americans in Finnish Discourses on Immigration and Internationalization." Nordic Journal of Migration Research, Vol. 2, Issue 3 (September 2012), 213-223.
  • Leinonen, J. "'Money Is Not Everything and That's the Bottom Line': Family Ties in Transatlantic Elite Migrations." Social Science History Journal, Vol. 36, No. 2 (2012), 243-268.
  • Donato, K.M., J.T. Alexander, D.R. Gabaccia & J. Leinonen. "Variations in the Gender Composition of Immigrant Populations: How and Why They Matter." International Migration Review, Vol. 45, No. 3 (Fall 2011), 495-525.
  • Kivisto, P. & J. Leinonen. "Representing Race: Ongoing Uncertainties about Finnish-American Racial Identity." Journal of American Ethnic History, Vol. 31, No. 1 (2011), 11-33.
  • Leinonen, J. "'A Yankee Boy Promised Me Everything Except the Moon': Changing Marriage Patterns of Finnish Migrants in the U.S. in the Twentieth Century." Teoksessa Finns Abroad: New Forms of Mobility and Migration, toim. E. Heikkilä & S. Koikkalainen, 82-102. Turku: Institute of Migration, Migration Studies C 19, 2011.

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